超级碗:不被看好者的逆袭

老桑说2019-04-14 15:18:19

For English, please scroll to the bottom. 

看英文内容,请直接滑动到底部。

老桑说

超级碗:不被看好者的逆袭
Super Bowl LII: The underdog beats the odds


这是一条开启视野的分割线



  朋友,你好,我是老桑。 


超级碗比赛现场


在美国的周日,有超过一亿的美国人都在收看着今年最受关注的电视转播——超级碗。虽然相比于央视新年晚会的7亿收看量这并不算多,但超级碗依然是在美国和国际上均备受关注的赛事活动。

 

超高的收视率让超级碗成为全世界商业价值最高的体育赛事。或许这么说会更直观:一场超级碗比赛的商业价值比一届长达两周的奥运会都要高。

 

歌手贾斯汀·汀布莱克担任表演嘉宾


超级碗期间的广告花费也非常惊人:30秒的广告费超过500万美元!中场秀也非常吸引人们的眼球,邀请的都是当时最受欢迎的艺术家,今年则是由歌手贾斯汀·汀布莱克(Justin Timberlake)担任表演嘉宾。每年的超级碗比赛都是先由一场现场盛典引爆全场,象征着超级碗的开始。此外,今年的超级碗还有一层特殊的含义,华人歌手吴亦凡(Kris Wu担任第一位超级碗的中国推广大使。


△NFL超级碗推广大使-吴亦凡


橄榄球是美国最受欢迎的运动,其次是篮球、棒球和冰球。正如中国的春节晚会是一个举国同庆的活动,超级碗在美国也是equivalent(相当的)。

 

尽管橄榄球在美国、加拿大和日本都有着巨大的影响力,但是却并没有在中国扎根。


我觉得原因有如下几点:对于身体素质和爆发力的要求极高;复杂的规则和很少的直播数量也是限制因素;设备和场地的高成本对于许多学校和体育俱乐部而言也难以承担;此外,作为非奥运项目,橄榄球的普及度和重视度自然而然也没有那么高。

 

鹰队四分卫尼克-福沃斯


大多数美国人的成长中都伴随着橄榄球。在我的高中,橄榄球运动员——特别是四分卫——经常是最受人爱戴的(当然在我看来,赢得科学竞赛奖学金的学生同样值得更多的尊重)。他们训练有素,并在每周一场的比赛中拿出自己最好的水平。

橄榄球场上的四分卫领导着整支队伍的进攻。在英语中,一个团队的领导者也可以被称为“quarterback”。例如,如果你组织和推进了一次代表团访问,你可以说:“我上周quarterbacked外国代表团访问了中国”。


橄榄球也衍生出了其特有的文化:啦啦队和军乐队。我曾作为军乐队的一员参加了许多高中和大学的橄榄球比赛(你信吗,我可是一名大号手


橄榄球啦啦队和军乐队


今年的超级碗是新英格兰爱国者队和费城老鹰队之间的较量。在这场比赛之前有很多戏剧性的故事,这是因为两支球队都有众所周知的狂热球迷(或许有些人会说“讨厌的”)

 

我是在六个新英格兰州之一的康涅狄格州长大的(另外五个州分别是缅因州、马萨诸塞州、新罕布什尔州、罗得岛州和佛蒙特州),理论上我应该是一个新英格兰爱国者队的粉丝。但康涅狄格州也是三州地区的一部分(与纽约州和新泽西州一样),所以我的主队也向纽约队倾斜。

 

△触地得分


然而,多年来我一直扎根在费城,所以对于我来说今年我更加倾向于费城老鹰队。老鹰队原本也是今年的“弱队”,而爱国者队则被给予夺冠的重望,人们经常希望看到那个相对较弱的队伍完成一些不可能完成的事情。


△头戴狗面具的老鹰队队员

 

许多费城球迷都为自己的弱队精神感到自豪,他们戴着狗的面具以显示他们内心中不屈服精神的骄傲态度。巧的是,他们一定不知道竟然unwittingly(不知不觉地)和中国人的狗年遥相呼应了! 

 

尽管是不被看好的球队,老鹰队最终还是以41-33击败了爱国者队!


费城市中心胜利的庆祝

那么,是什么促使了作为“较弱”一方的老鹰队最终取得胜利呢?赛后球员和评论员之间的采访为我们揭示了以下思想:



1




当你处于弱势地位时,你必须非常努力地为随时将会到来的挑战做好准备,然后拼着去完成这个挑战。事实上,当你是弱势者时,你必须要比他人付出更多努力才能达到顶峰,没有捷径可走。关于这一点,我想我一定不必多说!


2




你是最了解自己的人。尽管专家和舆论媒体都在说爱国者队会赢,但是老鹰队仍然专注于完善自我,尽最大可能发挥出自己的优势。然后他们在比赛中pull off(完成)了许多令人惊喜的表演,让对手大吃一惊、措手不及。

 

他们比其他任何人都更要了解自己的能力。他们无视批评者的质疑,只是下定决心要证明这些声音是错的。虽然从胜率上来看他们占了下风,但他们仍然竭尽全力去翻盘。这种精神状态对于他们的成功来说至关重要。


3




整支队伍团结一心,彼此间的默契如同家人。他们都知道这将是一场艰难的比赛,但依然互相支持。他们知道什么时候行动,什么时候后腿,支持队友完成进攻。作为团队的一员,你有时可能会需要作出自我牺牲,以成全其他队友。

 

费城球迷们戴着狗式面具体现了他们作为弱势一方的勇气,以及他们克服困难的决心。因此,我们也可以将这种弱势者的精神用于我们的人生中的不利处境。


鹰队四分卫福沃斯及其女儿


My friend,我的朋友,即使你并不了解橄榄球复杂的规则,我们依然可以从老鹰队的精神中学到有用的东西。


在人生中,当我们感到自己处于弱势时,一定要:努力工作,相信自己,与队友团结一致。当其他人对你说“不行”的时候,一定要坚定地告诉自己“可以”,然后用老鹰队的方式fortify(强化)自己,实现不可能的“逆袭”。



谢谢收看《老桑说》。

给你启发,激励你上进,陪伴你坚持。

敬请期待下一集。





英文版

English








Super Bowl LII: The underdog beats the odds

On Sunday, over 100 million Americans tuned in to the most watched television broadcast of the year. Although dwarfed in number to the over 700 million people who watch the CCTV New Year’s Gala, the Super Bowl still garners significant U.S. and international attention.

 

The Super Bowl has the greatest commercial value of all sporting events worldwide. The one-day event has a greater commercial value than the entire two-week Olympic Games.

 


Super Bowl ads cost over $5 million for 30 seconds. The halftime show features the most popular artists of the time, with this year’s show featuring Justin Timberlake. A Super Bowl Live festival leads up to the game, and this year the first Chinese singer, Kris Wu, performed as the Super Bowl ambassador to China.

 


Football is the most popular sport in the United States, followed by basketball, baseball, and hockey. As the CCTV New Year’s Gala is a nationally shared experience in China, the Super Bowl is the equivalent in the United States.

 

Despite this massive American interest, as well as in Canada and Japan, football has not taken root in China. The physical requirements and violence are considered too extreme. The complex rules and infrequent broadcasts can be a turn-off. The equipment needs can be cost-prohibitive for many schools and sports clubs. And football is not an Olympic sport.

 

Most Americans grow up with football being part of life. In my high school, the football players—especially the quarterback—were often the most admired (even though, in my opinion, the student who wins the science fair prize deserves greater respect). They trained hard and had to perform at their best during that one game per week.

The quarterback directs a football team’s offensive play. In English, one who directs and leads can also be referred to as a “quarterback.” For example, if you have organized and carried out a delegation visit, you can say: “I quarterbacked the foreign delegation’s visit to China last week.”

 

There is also a culture that surrounds football: cheerleaders and marching bands. I attended many of my high school and college football games, as I was in the marching band (I played the tuba, believe it or not). Our Temple University marching band is one of the best around, and a Chinese student member posts videos of their halftime shows (Youku: TempleSiwei).

 

This year’s Super Bowl was a match-up between the New England Patriots and Philadelphia Eagles. There was a lot of drama leading up to the game, as both teams have notoriously avid (some would say obnoxious) fans.

 

I grew up in Connecticut, which is one of the six New England states (along with Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, and Vermont), so in theory I should be a Patriots fan. But Connecticut is also part of the Tri-State Area (along with New York and New Jersey), and my part of the state tilted toward the New York teams.

 


Yet Philadelphia has been my home base for many years, so it was easy to root for the Eagles this year. The Eagles were also the underdog team this year, as the Patriots were expected to win, so we often want to see the weaker one achieve an upset.

 

Many Philadelphia fans were proud of the underdog status, wearing dog masks as a sign of pride of their fighting spirit. Little did they know that they were unwittingly joining with the Chinese in ringing in the Year of the Dog!

 

Despite being the unfavored team, the Eagles went onto defeat the Patriots, 41-33.

 

What propelled the underdog Eagles to victory? Interviews after the game with players and commentators revealed the following mindset:



1
Work really hard.


When you’re the underdog, you have to train really hard to prepare for the challenge, and then work really hard to get through it. In fact, when you’re the underdog, you have to work even harder to make it to the top. There’s no easy way out. There’s not much more to say about this point!



2
Believe in yourself.


You know yourself the best. Even though the experts and public opinion were saying that the Patriots would win, the Eagles stayed focused on self-improvement and maximized their strengths. They then pulled off several surprise plays during the game, giving them an edge and surprising their opponents.

 

They knew their abilities better than others. They ignored the voices of the critics, being determined to prove them wrong. Even though the odds were against them, they gave all of their effort to defy the odds. This mental state was crucial to their success.



3
Solidarity.


The team worked together, like a family. They knew that this would be a difficult game to win, but each player supported the other. They knew when to act and when to step back and support another player to make a play. As a team player, you sometimes sacrifice your own recognition so another player might take the glory.

 

As Philadelphians wore dog masks to show off their underdog grit and resolve to conquer a tough challenge, so can we adopt this underdog spirit as we seek to defy the odds in our own life circumstances.

 


My friend, even if you don’t understand the byzantine rules of football, we can learn from the Eagles’ spirit when we feel like the underdog in life: work hard, believe in yourself, and join with others who share your struggle. When others are telling you “no,” tell yourself “yes,” and fortify yourself the way the Eagles did to achieve an upset.





今日英文速记卡



1.Garner


a)含义:vt. 获得;储存

b)例句:

i.The Super Bowl always garners significant U.S. and international attention.

超级碗经常会获得全美国和全世界的广泛关注。

ii.He has garnered extensive support for his proposals.

他为他的提议赢得了广泛的支持。

c)近义词:acquire, earn, buy, score, find


2.Equivalent


a)含义:adj. 等价的,相等的;同意义的

    n. 等价物,相等物

b)例句:

i.As the CCTV New Year’s Gala is a nationally shared experience in China, the Super Bowl is the equivalent in the United States.

正如中国的春节晚会是一个举国同庆的活动,超级碗在美国也是相当的。

ii.I do this by thinking of sentences in Chinese and then writing the equivalent in English. 

我的做法是,先用中文想出句子来,然后再用英语去替换。

c)近义词:equal, even


3.Unwitting


a)含义:adj. 不知情的;不知不觉的,无意的

b)例句:

i.Little did the Philadelphians know that they were unwittingly joining with the Chinese in ringing in the Year of the Dog by wearing dog masks!

费城球迷们一定不知道他们竟然不知不觉地通过戴狗式面具的方式与中国人的狗年遥相呼应了!

ii.He was unwittingly caught up in the confrontation.

他无意中陷入了这场冲突。。

c)近义词:uninitiated, involuntary



4.Pull off


a)含义:赢得;脱下;努力实现

b)例句:

i.They tried their best to pull off several surprise plays during the game, which gave their opponents a huge surprise.

他们在比赛中完成了许多令人惊喜的表演,让对手大吃一惊。

ii.This team is most likely to pull off the feat next season.

这支球队最有可能在下赛季卷土重来杀进季后赛。

c)近义词:win, bear off


5.Fortify


a)含义:vt. 加强;增强;(酒)的酒精含量;设防于

b)例句:

i.All of us can fortify ourselves just like the way the Eagles did to achieve an upset.

我们每个人都可以像老鹰队那样,强化自我,完成逆袭。

ii.Eating the right foods can help lower your blood pressure and fortify your body. 

合理的饮食可以降低你的血压和增强你的体质。

c)近义词:brace, invigorate, reinforce, strengthen




Thank you for watching me to inspire, encourage, and accompany you. 

See you next time.


想了解更多信息,请持续关注新浪微博(@桑国亚)或公众号《老桑说》(laosangshuo)


老桑说

John Smagula

点击阅读原文,了解更多老桑微博内容,欢迎关注进行互动。

Copyright © 成都进口家居用品交流群@2017